March 25 In judging the gravity of sin, it is customary to distinguish between mortal and venial sins. See Covenant. See Bible; Covenant. The psalms have been used since Jesus' time as the public prayer of the Church. It was the form of Mass used by the Western Church until 1969 when Pope John Paul VI authorized the use of a revised Mass which could be said in the language of the country. Jesuit:Common name for a religious order of priests and brothers in the Catholic Church. The soul is the subject of human consciousness and freedom; soul and body together form one unique human nature. CWL:Catholic Womens League: An organization promoting religious, education and social welfare and represents Catholic women's interests on national and international bodies. Priestly and religious vocations are dedicated to the service of the Church as the universal sacrament of salvation. Proto-Evangelium:The proto or first Gospel: the passage in Genesis (3:15) that first mysteriously announces the promise of the Messiah and Redeemer. People of God:A synonym for the Church, taken from the Old Testament people whom God chose, Israel. Parish Council:A group of people elected by the Parish who, together with the Parish Priest, look after the various needs of the Parish. "Transubstantiation" indicates that through the consecration of the bread and the wine there occurs the change of the entire substance of the bread into the substance of the Body of Christ, and of the entire substance of the wine into the Blood of Christ even though the appearances or "species" of bread and wine remain. Whit means White, in earlier times the newly baptized wore the white robes of Baptism on This day. The resurrection of Christ is the crowning truth of our faith in Christ. Creation is thus ordered to the Sabbath, the day to be kept holy to the praise and worship of God. Theology:The study of God, based on divine revelation. It also refers to the central government of the Church. Secular Institute:See Institute, Secular. Reason:Our ability to know the existance of God with certainty through our hearts and minds. Passages from the Gospel are always read by a Priest or Deacon. Pilgrimage:A journey to a holy place. Penance, Sacrament of:The liturgical celebration of God's forgiveness of the sins of the penitent, who is thus reconciled with God and with the Church. In judging the gravity of sin, it is customary to distinguish between mortal and venial sins. Omnipresence:That God is everywhere. We are obliged to make reparation for personal sins against justice and truth, either through restitution of stolen goods or correcting the harm done to the other's good name. The term was used by Jesus in the New Testament to indicate the promised gift of the Spirit as another consoler and advocate, who would continue his own mission among the disciples. His priesthood is made present in a special way in the Church through the ministerial priesthood, conferred through the Sacrament of Holy Orders. Poverty is one of the three evangelical counsels whose public profession in the Church is a constitutive element of consecrated life. Pentecost:The "fiftieth" day at the end of the seven weeks following Passover, Easter in the Christian dispensation. The promises and mighty deeds of God in the old alliance or covenant, reported in the Old Testament, prefigure and are fulfilled in the New Covenant established by Jesus Christ, reported in the sacred writings of the New Testament. The process by which a non-baptized person is prepared to become a full member of the Church is called the catechumenate, which was restored in the Latin Church by the Second Vatican Council, and whose distinct stages and rites are found in the Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults. This apostolic mission of the Church is fulfilled according to their different states of life by the clergy, laity, and religious. The first part of the prayer praises God for the gifts he gave to Mary as Mother of the Redeemer; the second part seeks her maternal intercession for the members of the Body of Christ, the Church, of which she is the Mother. One form of evil, physical evil, is a result of the "state of journeying" toward its ultimate perfection in which God created the world, involving the existence of the less perfect alongside the more perfect, the constructive and the destructive forces of nature, the appearance and disappearance of certain beings. There are a number of symbols for the name Jesus which you may see in Churches or works of art. Profession of Faith:The synthesis (creed, "symbol of faith") of the faith which summarizes the faith professed by Christians. Christ calls the faithful to the perfection of holiness. The laity participate in their own way in the priestly, prophetic, and kingly functions of Christ. Person, Human:The human individual, made in the image of God; not some thing but some one, a unity of spirit and matter, soul and body, capable of knowledge, self-possession, and freedom, who can enter into communion with other persons and with God. Lord:The Old Testament title for God that in speaking or reading aloud was always substituted for the name that was revealed to Moses and that was too holy to be pronounced: Yahweh. Intercession:A form of prayer of petition on behalf of others. Fasting is an ascetical practice recommended in Scripture and the writings of the Church Fathers; it is sometimes prescribed by a precept of the Church, especially during the liturgical season of Lent. Nun:A member of an enclosed religious order of women. Viaticum:The Eucharist received by a dying person. Penitential acts or practices refer to those which dispose one for or flows from interior penance or conversion; such acts lead to and follow upon the celebration of the Sacrament of Penance. SolemnityA solemnity is a principal day in the Church's liturgical calendar. The Church's confession of faith in the virgin birth affirms that Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit without human seed. Christ has made of his Church a "kingdom of priests," and gives the faithful a share in his priesthood through the Sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation. Z. Deacon, Diaconate:A third degree of the hierarchy of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, after bishop and priest. The world will reach its goal and perfection when it has been renewed and transformed into "the new heaven and the new earth" in the fullness of God's kingdom. W Through prayer the Christian experiences a communion with God through Christ in the Church. Last Supper:The last meal, a Passover supper, which Jesus ate with his disciples the night before he died. Responsorial Psalm:A psalm which is recited or sung after the first scripture reading at Mass. Whitsunday:Another name for the feast of Pentecost. Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Impediment:An obstacle that makes a person ineligible for performing an act or receiving a sacrament, e.g., Holy Orders or Matrimony. Parish:A stable community of the faithful within a particular church or diocese, whose pastoral care is confided by the bishop to a priest as pastor. Sinai, meaning "I am who I am". He was the first among the Apostles, and their head; the pope is his successor as Bishop of Rome and Vicar of Christ, and as pastor of the universal Church. Prayer of the Faithful:See "Bidding Prayers" November 1 Marriage:A covenant or partnership of life between a man and woman, which is ordered to the well-being of the spouses and to the procreation and upbringing of children. Triduum:A liturgical celebration of three days duration, as in the Easter Triduum. Protestant:A person who believes in Christ and has been baptized, but who does not profess the Catholic faith in its entirety, but rather is a member of a Protestant church or ecclesial community whose roots are in the Reformation, begun in the sixteenth century. V Christmas (Birth of the Lord) Prophetic:People in the community who warned others about consequences of their actions. Irreligion directs us away from rendering to God what we as creatures owe him in justice. Passion:The suffering and death of Jesus. Holy Trinity Virgin Birth:The conception of Jesus in the womb of the Virgin Mary solely by the power of the Holy Spirit. Missal:A book containing the prayers of Mass. Passover:See Pasch/Paschal Lamb. N See Satisfaction (for sin). Envy:Resentment or sadness at another's good fortune, and the desire to have it for oneself. Passages from the Gospel are always read by a Priest or Deacon. August 15 Homosexual acts are morally wrong because they violate God's purpose for human sexual activity. Holy Hour:A service in which Jesus is venerated in the blessed sacrament. Protestant:A person who believes in Christ and has been baptized, but who does not profess the Catholic faith in its entirety, but rather is a member of a Protestant church or ecclesial community whose roots are in the Reformation, begun in the sixteenth century. U Sacrilege:Profanation of or irreverence toward persons, places, and things which are sacred, i.e., dedicated to God; sacrilege against the sacraments, especially the Eucharist, is a particularly grave offense against the first commandment. Conversion:A radical reorientation of the whole life away from sin and evil, and toward God. Holy See:The seat of the central administration of the worldwide Catholic Church; the name is taken from the seat or diocese of the Pope, Bishop of Rome and successor of St. Peter as Vicar of Christ and pastor of the universal Church. November 1 Christians prepare for it during Lent and Holy Week, and catechumens usually receive the Sacraments of Christian Initiation Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist at the Easter Vigil. It is this Gospel or good news that the Apostles, and the Church following them, are to proclaim to the entire world. A properly disposed member of the Christian faithful can obtain an indulgence under prescribed conditions through the help of the Church which, as the minister of redemption, dispenses and applies with authority the treasury of the satisfactions of Christ and the saints. John the Baptist concludes the work of the prophets of the Old Covenant. Church:The name given the "convocation" or "assembly" of the People God has called together from "the ends of the earth." Passages from the Gospel are always read by a Priest or Deacon. Sin is a deliberate thought, word, deed, or omission contrary to the eternal law of God. The mystery of the Trinity in itself is inaccessible to the human mind and is the object of faith only because it was revealed by Jesus Christ, the divine Son of the eternal Father. Piety also refers to the religious sense of a people, and its expression in popular devotions. The expiation of sins continues in the mystical Body of Christ and the communion of saints by joining our human acts of atonement to the redemptive action of Christ, both in this life and in Purgatory. Y Holy Water:Blessed water, a sacramental whose sprinkling or use is a reminder of Baptism and a means of sanctification. Schism:Refusal of submission to the Supreme Pontiff, or of communion with the members of the Church subject to him. Christ gave the power to remit sins to his Apostles, and through them to the ministers of the Church. Psalm:A prayer in the Book of Psalms of the Old Testament, assembled over several centuries; a collection of prayers in the form of hymns or poetry. The Paschal Mystery is celebrated and made present in the liturgy of the Church, and its saving effects are communicated through the sacraments, especially the Eucharist, which renews the paschal sacrifice of Christ as the sacrifice offered by the Church. Eremitical Life:The life of a hermit, separate from the world in praise of God and for the salvation of the world, in the silence of solitude, assiduous prayer, and penance. The New Testament uses this title both of God the Father and in a new way of Jesus, the incarnate Word. God has revealed himself as the "One who is," as truth and love, as creator of all that is, as the author of divine revelation, and as the source of salvation. Postulant:A person who has applied to join a religious order and is waiting to be admitted. New Testament:The twenty-seven books of the Bible written by the sacred authors in apostolic times, which have Jesus Christ, the incarnate Son of God, his life, teachings, Passion and glorification, and the beginnings of his Church as their central theme. May Devotions:Special services held during the month of May to honor Mary, the mother of Jesus. A year long process of entrance into the Catholic Church. Veneration (of Saints):Showing devotion and respect to Mary, the Apostles, and the martyrs, who were viewed as faithful witnesses to faith in Jesus Christ. In the New Testament or Covenant, Christ established a new and eternal covenant through his own sacrificial death and Resurrection. Vocation:The calling or destiny we have in this life and hereafter. Also called the Paraclete Advocate and Spirit of Truth, the Holy Spirit is at work with the Father and the Son from the beginning to the completion of the divine plan for our salvation. Heaven is the state of supreme and definitive happiness, the goal of the deepest longings of humanity. Reconciliation, Sacrament of:The sacramental celebration in which, through God's mercy and forgiveness, the sinner is reconciled with God and also with the Church, Christ's Body, which is wounded by sin. Testament:The name given to the two major parts of the Bible; a synonym for "covenant," as in Old and New Covenants. Psalter:The book of psalms arranged for liturgical use. He offered himself once and for all (Heb 10:14), in a perfect sacrifice upon the cross. Incipit:From the Latin word meaning "to begin," this word refers to the words added at the beginning of a Scripture reading in the Lectionary. Hierarchy of Truths:The order hierarchy of the truths in Catholic doctrine, insofar as they vary in their relation to the central mystery and foundation of Christian faith, the mystery of the Holy Trinity. One of the capital sins. Beatitude:Happiness or blessedness, especially the eternal happiness of heaven, which is described as the vision of God, or entering into God's rest by those whom he makes partakers of the divine nature. Faith is both a theological virtue given by God as grace, and an obligation which flows from the first commandment of God. It ensures the mastery of the will over instinct, and keeps natural desires within proper limits. Christ gave the power to remit sins to his Apostles, and through them to the ministers of the Church. Faith:Both a gift of God and a human act by which the believer gives personal adherence to God who invites his response, and freely assents to the whole truth that God has revealed. 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